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Guangzhou Wanrui Stage Light Equipment Co.,Ltd
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舞臺燈光設備
Research on China's LED Lighting Industry Policy under Low-carbon Economy
Release Date: [2018-4-12 10:49:51]    Total read [435] Times

Summary: In December 2008, the National Development and Reform Commission of China, in order to accelerate energy conservation and emission reduction, phase out incandescent lamps and accelerate the promotion of energy-saving lamps, the Development and Reform Commission has launched the “China's Phase-out Action Plan for Phase-out of Incandescent Lamps and Accelerate the Promotion of Energy Saving Lights”. Preparation work, energy conservation work to further implement.


    Semiconductor lighting is a new generation of cold light sources developed in the 1990s. It has the unparalleled advantages of traditional light sources: saving energy, protecting the environment (excluding mercury and other harmful substances), long life (50,000 hours), and reducing maintenance costs. Providing better lighting quality, improving lighting visual effects and safety, all of which make LED technology more and more applications in many infrastructure construction.


    The energy crisis caused by human modern civilization warns us that energy conservation and environmental protection are urgently needed, and the development and utilization of resources require sustainable development. Since 2003, most areas of the country have experienced a new round of power shortages. The situation of power shortage has promoted the development of electricity, but at the same time it has triggered our thinking about alternative energy and new energy.


    At present, China's energy mainly comes from thermal power generation, while thermal power uses oil and coal. As the price of oil continues to increase, the cost of power generation increases, and coal-fired power generates a large amount of carbon dioxide, causing a greenhouse effect. In order to solve the energy problem, China is mainly engaged in two directions: the development of new energy and energy conservation, and the goal is to provide 15% to 30% of the energy demand from 2010 to 2012, while the electricity consumed by lighting in China accounts for about the total amount of electricity. One-sixth of the consumption, such as the current domestic one-third of the incandescent lamp is replaced by LED, each year can save the country's annual power generation of a Three Gorges project.


    The development of LED lighting is in line with China's industrial development strategy. China attaches great importance to the development of the semiconductor industry and has successively introduced a series of policies to promote the development of related industries:


    In June 2003, the Ministry of Science and Technology, together with the Ministry of Information Industry, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Construction, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Light Industry Federation, established the National Semiconductor Lighting Project Coordination Leading Group and launched the national semiconductor lighting project.


    In early 2006, the State Council issued the Outline of the National Medium- and Long-Term Scientific and Technological Development Plan. “High-efficiency, energy-saving and long-lived semiconductor lighting products” was listed as the first priority theme in the first key area of ​​the medium and long-term planning (energy) (Industrial energy conservation ), aroused widespread concern at home and abroad.


    In July 2006, the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan for Urban Green Lighting Project" promulgated by the Ministry of Construction clearly stated that it would achieve the goal of reducing energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20%, and emphasized the need to implement resource conservation and environmental protection. , To build a low-input, high-output, low-energy, less-emission, cyclic, sustainable national economic system and a resource-saving, environment-friendly society, and to put green lighting in public facilities, hotels, commercial buildings, and office buildings And the promotion of high-efficiency energy-saving lighting systems in residential buildings is listed as one of the ten key energy-saving projects.


    In October 2006, the national "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" 863 project "Semiconductor Lighting Project" was officially launched.


    In 2007, led by the National Development and Reform Commission, Ministries such as the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of Information Industry and the State Administration of Taxation began drafting “Several Policies on Further Encouraging the Development of the Software Industry and the Integrated Circuit Industry,” which is the “Semiconductor New Deal” that is widely concerned by the industry. The newly-developed semiconductor industry support policy includes the “five exemptions and five and a half” preferential corporate income tax policy, research and development tax credits (in the form of a combination of credit and tax reduction), and tax exemptions for semiconductor fixed capital equipment and special funds for IC design arrangements. Support and other content.


    In April 2007, in order to support the development of the LED and solar photovoltaic industry, Fujian Province issued the "Fujian Province Implementation Opinions for Promoting the Development of LED and Solar Photovoltaic Industry (2007-2010)", which was the first province in China to introduce such policies. In addition, Fujian Province has also started the construction of LED and photovoltaic electronic test platforms, LED and photovoltaic application product design platforms and other public platforms for the construction of LED and photovoltaic industry public technology services.


    Summary: In December 2008, the National Development and Reform Commission of China, in order to accelerate energy conservation and emission reduction, phase out incandescent lamps and accelerate the promotion of energy-saving lamps, the Development and Reform Commission has launched the “China's Phase-out Action Plan for Phase-out of Incandescent Lamps and Accelerate the Promotion of Energy Saving Lights”. Preparation work, energy conservation work to further implement.


    Semiconductor lighting is a new generation of cold light sources developed in the 1990s. It has the unparalleled advantages of traditional light sources: saving energy, protecting the environment (excluding mercury and other harmful substances), long life (50,000 hours), and reducing maintenance costs. Providing better lighting quality, improving lighting visual effects and safety, all of which make LED technology more and more applications in many infrastructure construction.


    The energy crisis caused by human modern civilization warns us that energy conservation and environmental protection are urgently needed, and the development and utilization of resources require sustainable development. Since 2003, most areas of the country have experienced a new round of power shortages. The situation of power shortage has promoted the development of electricity, but at the same time it has triggered our thinking about alternative energy and new energy.


    At present, China's energy mainly comes from thermal power generation, while thermal power uses oil and coal. As the price of oil continues to increase, the cost of power generation increases, and coal-fired power generates a large amount of carbon dioxide, causing a greenhouse effect. In order to solve the energy problem, China is mainly engaged in two directions: the development of new energy and energy conservation, and the goal is to provide 15% to 30% of the energy demand from 2010 to 2012, while the electricity consumed by lighting in China accounts for about the total amount of electricity. One-sixth of the consumption, such as the current domestic one-third of the incandescent lamp is replaced by LED, each year can save the country's annual power generation of a Three Gorges project.


    The development of LED lighting is in line with China's industrial development strategy. China attaches great importance to the development of the semiconductor industry and has successively introduced a series of policies to promote the development of related industries:


    In June 2003, the Ministry of Science and Technology, together with the Ministry of Information Industry, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Construction, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Light Industry Federation, established the National Semiconductor Lighting Project Coordination Leading Group and launched the national semiconductor lighting project.


    In early 2006, the State Council issued the Outline of the National Medium- and Long-Term Scientific and Technological Development Plan. “High-efficiency, energy-saving and long-lived semiconductor lighting products” was listed as the first priority theme in the first key area of ​​the medium and long-term planning (energy) (Industrial energy conservation ), aroused widespread concern at home and abroad.


    In July 2006, the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan for Urban Green Lighting Project" promulgated by the Ministry of Construction clearly stated that it would achieve the goal of reducing energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20%, and emphasized the need to implement resource conservation and environmental protection. , To build a low-input, high-output, low-energy, less-emission, cyclic, sustainable national economic system and a resource-saving, environment-friendly society, and to put green lighting in public facilities, hotels, commercial buildings, and office buildings And the promotion of high-efficiency energy-saving lighting systems in residential buildings is listed as one of the ten key energy-saving projects.


    In October 2006, the national "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" 863 project "Semiconductor Lighting Project" was officially launched.


    In 2007, led by the National Development and Reform Commission, Ministries such as the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of Information Industry and the State Administration of Taxation began drafting “Several Policies on Further Encouraging the Development of the Software Industry and the Integrated Circuit Industry,” which is the “Semiconductor New Deal” that is widely concerned by the industry. The newly-developed semiconductor industry support policy includes the “five exemptions and five and a half” preferential corporate income tax policy, research and development tax credits (in the form of a combination of credit and tax reduction), and tax exemptions for semiconductor fixed capital equipment and special funds for IC design arrangements. Support and other content.


    In April 2007, in order to support the development of the LED and solar photovoltaic industry, Fujian Province issued the "Fujian Province Implementation Opinions for Promoting the Development of LED and Solar Photovoltaic Industry (2007-2010)", which was the first province in China to introduce such policies. In addition, Fujian Province has also started the construction of LED and photovoltaic electronic test platforms, LED and photovoltaic application product design platforms and other public platforms for the construction of LED and photovoltaic industry public technology services.


    On December 5, 2008, Vice Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and Minister of Science and Technology Wan Gang pointed out at the awarding ceremony and symposium for the National Advanced Model Zone for Sustainable Development that "This year, science and technology will boost domestic demand and promote economic growth. The Ministry has proposed and started to implement some specific measures, such as energy conservation and emission reduction, the Ministry of Science and Technology has launched the “Ten Cities Thousands” and “Ten Cities Ten Thousand Miles” demonstration programs to promote the application of new energy vehicles and LED (semiconductor lighting) energy-saving street lamps. Another example is the promotion of new processes and new methods in the fields of steel, chemicals, and power, etc., which have received great attention from the State Council and strong support from various relevant departments, and we have also adopted innovative support methods and more applications from new technologies. In other areas, look for the points of integration of economic and social development, and adopt post-subsidy and post-reward methods to support innovative practices in experimental areas."


    In December 2008, the National Development and Reform Commission of China, in order to accelerate energy conservation and emission reduction, phase out incandescent lamps and accelerate the promotion of energy-saving lamps, the Development and Reform Commission has initiated the preparation of the “China Action Plan for Phase-out of Incandescent Lamps and Accelerate the Promotion of Energy Saving Lamps”. Energy conservation work is further implemented.


    On December 11, 2008, the "Guangdong Provincial High-power LED Street Lamp Demonstration Promotion Association" jointly organized by the Guangdong Provincial Department of Science and Technology, the Department of Construction and the Dongguan Municipal People's Government was held in Dongguan. At the same time, the entire province of Guangdong implemented a "thousands of miles" scale. Power LED street lamp demonstration project officially started. According to the plan, next year, Guangdong Province will build LED street lamps demonstration and promotion projects with a total mileage of 1,500 kilometers and a scale of about 100,000 meters in Guangzhou, Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan, Zhaoqing and Shantou. Among them, from December 2008 to December 2009, Dongguan will transform 22100 street lamps into LED street lamps.


    By the end of 2008, China's LED lighting national standards have made great progress. The National Lighting Standardization Committee has adopted 12 basic standards for LED lighting standards. The Ministry of Industry and Information Industry has set up 7 LED standards for LED lighting standards. According to the review, if the progress is smooth, these standards will be promulgated and implemented in 2009 after further review and approval by relevant departments.


    In January 2009, the draft light industry three-year revitalization plan submitted that in the next three years, light industry revitalization will focus on revitalizing food, household appliances, paper, plastics, leather, hardware, batteries, lighting appliances, washing, and light industrial equipment. Key industries in other industries. Lighting appliances, as a focus of revitalization, once again attracted the attention of the industry and ignited the hope of the LED lighting industry.


    On February 6, 2009, Mayor Xu Zongheng presided over the 128th session of the 4th Municipal Executive Meeting of the municipal government. The research reviewed and passed the principle of “Shenzhen LED Industry Development Plan (2009-2015)” and “Shenzhen Promotion Efficiency”. Energy Saving LED Lighting Product Demonstration Project Implementation Plan, Shenzhen City Industry Public Technical Service Platform Construction Plan, Certain Measures on Promoting the Development of Semiconductor Lighting Industry, and “Research on the Planning and Implementation of Guangming LED Industry Cluster Park”, "LED International Transaction Purchase Center Construction Planning" and a series of policy documents supporting the development of the LED industry to fully support the development of the LED industry.


    In April 2009, the Guangdong Provincial Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision jointed with 35 companies and related organizations, including Dongguan Qinshang Optoelectronics Co., Ltd., Tsinghua University, Dongguan City Quality Measurement Supervision and Testing Institute, South China University of Technology and Guangdong Lighting Association. The drafted "Guangdong Provincial LED Street Lamp Local Standard" will be formally implemented in July 2009. The "Guangdong Provincial LED Street Lamp Local Standard" is also the first local LED street lamp industry standard.


    On April 28th, 2009, the Ministry of Science and Technology officially released in Tianjin City, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province, Baoding City, Liaoning Province, and Liaoning Province in the "Replied to the Agreement on Launching the Pilot Work of Semiconductor Lighting Application Project in Ten Cities". Dalian, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, Shanghai, Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, Xiamen City, Fujian Province, Fuzhou City, Fujian Province, Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province, Weifang City, Shandong Province, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province , Wuhan City, Hubei Province, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, Dongguan City, Guangdong Province, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, Mianyang City, Sichuan Province, Chongqing City, Xi’an City, Shaanxi Province, and other 21 cities to carry out semiconductor lighting application project (hereinafter referred to as “Ten City Million” ")pilot work.


    The environmental issues are increasingly prominent. China continues to promote energy conservation policies. China expects to invest RMB 4 trillion to stimulate the economy by the end of 2010. The LED (light emitting diode) industry will benefit from this, and China will also hold the Shanghai World Expo, the Guangzhou Asian Games, and Shandong. The National Games, Shenzhen Universiade, LED lights landscape lighting and large-scale billboard projects needed for these large-scale activities will be tendered in succession, which will have an incentive effect on the prospects of the LED industry.


    The development of LED lighting has good social benefits and broad market prospects. It is estimated that by 2010, the output &#118alue of China's semiconductor lighting and related industries will reach 150 billion yuan. The application of LED lighting will save 200 billion kilowatts of electricity for China. National industrial policies and successively issued legal plans all reflect the strategic thinking for the development of circular economy and the promotion of green and energy-saving lighting products.


    In addition to energy conservation, the biggest advantage of LED lighting is that it does not contain harmful metal materials such as mercury, and instead of traditional lighting, it can greatly reduce the environmental pollution caused by mercury and lead. Taking the application of backlighting as an example, global PC shipments in 2008 are expected to reach 296 million units (IDC forecasts), if LED replaces half of the backlight to one CCFL (cold cathode lamp) per unit, each Calculation of 5mg mercury will reduce 740kg of mercury pollution and greatly reduce environmental pollution.


    In summary, in the field of lighting, the application of LED will become the third lighting revolution after the open flame and incandescent lamp with its green energy-saving performance.